A government agency overseeing all aspects of telecommunications. Among other responsibilities, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) licenses portions of the electromagnetic spectrum for communication technologies such as cellular phones and wireless networking.
For example, in 1994 the FCC auctioned off portions of the 1900-MHz radio wave section of the electromagnetic spectrum to enable companies to deploy Personal Communications Services (PCS) technologies for cellular communication.
FCC auctions are intended to increase the number of cellular phone providers in the United States, foster growth and competition in the telecommunications industry, and raise money for the U.S. government treasury.
One role of the FCC is to implement communication legislation passed by Congress. The Telecommunications Act of 1996 represents the first major overhaul of the laws regarding telecommunications in more than 60 years. The FCC is tasked with enforcing this legislation, which is designed to open up competition in the telecommunications arena to foster innovation and economic progress.
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