An initiative of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) to create a global standard for wireless data networks. The goal of International Mobile Telecommunications-2000 (IMT-2000) is to support data transmission rates of up to 2 Mbps for fixed stations and 384 Kbps for mobile stations. Note that the “2000” in the term “International Mobile Telecommunications-2000” refers to the transmission speed (approximately 2000 Kbps), not the deployment date (which might be several years beyond the year 2000).
IMT-2000 consists of several sets of standards, including the following:
Because of the fundamental inoperability between the two major types of cellular communication technologies - Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) and CDMA - the ITU hopes that this initiative will unify wireless mobile communication worldwide by upgrading both TDMA and CDMA systems to a single global standard. However, the IMT-2000 initiative will not immediately result in a single worldwide air interface for wireless communication.
The upgrade for CDMA bearers will be simpler and will move them directly from the current IS-95a standard called CDMAone (the brand name used by the vendor consortium called the CDMA Development Group for existing data transmission at 16 Kbps) to the proposed CDMA2000. The upgrade for TDMA bearers can take several different paths - for example, from TDMA to General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) to Enhanced Data Rates for Global Evolution (EDGE) to UMTS. Some industry watchers predict that GPRS and IMT-2000 will be widely adopted worldwide in the next five years, which will give Europe and Asia an edge in high-speed wireless data communication over the United States, where as many as five competing systems might be deployed widely.
3G wireless communication systems are those that provide transmission quality similar to Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) phone systems. First-generation systems are the analog cellular phone systems such as the Advanced Mobile Phone Service (AMPS) in North America, and second-generation systems are widely used digital cellular phone systems such as the Digital Advanced Mobile Phone Service (D-AMPS), CDMA systems, TDMA systems, and GSM.