The process of resolving the name of a computer on a network into its network address. Name resolution is an important part of network communication because the logical names of hosts on the network must be resolved into their network addresses before communication can take place.
TCP/IP networks running Microsoft Windows operating systems support two name resolution methods:
In addition, once the name of a host is resolved into its IP address, the TCP/IP protocol called Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) resolves the host’s IP address into its physical layer or MAC address. Once the name resolution process is complete, you can place frames on the network with appropriate destination MAC addresses so that they can be received by their destination host.