National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Definition of National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in The Network Encyclopedia.

What is NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)?

A government organization that provides services and programs to help U.S. industries commercialize new technologies and compete internationally. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) certification identifies technologies as meeting federal government requirements.

In the area of relational database management systems (RDBMS’s), NIST administers a test named Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 127-2. FIPS 127-2 is based on the broader American National Standards Institute (ANSI) SQL92 standard, which ensures portability across heterogeneous RDBMS’s by establishing a common set of structured query language (SQL) commands. There is no higher standard for SQL database languages than FIPS 127-2.

Microsoft SQL Server 6.5 was the first RDBMS to pass the NIST version 5.1 validation tests for Entry Level FIPS 127-2. SQL Server 6.5 complies with both the ANSI SQL92 standard and the FIPS standards.