Definition of topology in The Network Encyclopedia.
How Topology Works
When you design a network, your choice of topology will be determined by the size, architecture, cost, and management of the network. Basic network topologies include the following:
Variations of these basic topologies include the following:
The term “topology” can refer to either a network’s physical topology, which is the actual physical layout or pattern of the cabling, or its logical topology, which is the path that signals actually take around the network. This difference is most evident in Token Ring networks, whose cabling is physically arranged in a star but whose signal flows in a ring from one component to the next. The term “topology” without any further description is usually assumed to mean the physical layout.