Windows Management Instrumentation, or WMI, is Microsoft’s implementation of the Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM) architecture for enterprise-level network management. Administrators can use Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) to track, monitor, and control computers, networking devices, and applications belonging to an enterprise network over the Internet by using a standard Web browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer.
WMI is WBEM-compliant and uses the Common Information Model (CIM) for describing manageable network objects. Support for WMI is built into Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows 98 and is available as an add-on for Windows NT 4.
WMI in Windows 2000 includes two main components:
WMI providers function as intermediaries between the network object being managed and WMI. For example, the registry provider allows information to be collected from the registry of remote computers and stored in the repository. Similarly, if Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) information needs to be collected from SNMP-manageable devices, the SNMP provider must translate this information into a format suitable for WMI.
Some components of Windows 2000 are WMI-enabled. These are accessible from the Computer Management snap-in, and they include
You can use a console called the WMI Control to perform general WMI tasks such as enabling error logging, setting permissions for users or groups, and backing up the CIM object repository.