Windows NT command

Definition of Windows NT command in The Network Encyclopedia.

What is Windows NT command?

Windows NT command is a command that can be typed at the Microsoft Windows NT command prompt, usually to perform an administrative action. You manage most Windows NT services by using GUI-based administrative tools, but some administrative tasks can also be performed at the command prompt. You can also save Windows NT commands in a text file and run them as a batch file.

Windows NT commands are grouped into several categories:

  • MS-DOS configuration commands:
    For configuring an MS-DOS environment to run MS-DOS applications. These commands include buffers, country, device, devichigh, dos, dosonly, driveparm, echoconfig, fcbs, files, install, lastdrive, ntcmdprompt, shell, stacks, and switches.

     

  • MS-DOS subsystem commands:
    For backward compatibility with MS-DOS applications. These commands include append, backup, debug, edit, edlin, exe2bin, expand, fastopen, graphics, loadfix, loadhigh, mem, nlsfunc, qbasic, setver, and share.

     

  • Windows commands:
    Include commands for administering and configuring aspects of the Windows NT operating system. Some of the more commonly used Windows commands are listed in this entry’s first table.

     

  • TCP/IP commands:
    Utilities associated with the TCP/IP protocol stack. These commands are listed in this entry’s second table.

     

  • OS/2 configuration commands:
    For configuring the operating system environment for applications that run using the OS/2 subsystem of Windows NT. These commands include codepage, devinfo, libpath, and protshell.

     

  • Net commands:
    For starting, stopping, and configuring networking services.

     

  • Batch commands:
    Used only within batch files for automating system tasks. These commands include call, echo, endlocal, for, goto, if, pause, rem, setlocal, and shift.

     

  • Filter commands:
    For sorting, viewing, and selecting portions of a command’s output. These commands include find, more, and sort.

     

  • Redirection symbols:
    For redirecting the input or output of a command to something other than standard input or output. These symbols include >, <, >>, and |.

     

  • Conditional processing symbols:
    Allow you to issue multiple commands from the same command prompt and to act based on the results of the commands’ execution. These symbols include &, &&, ||, ( ), and ^.

     

Windows Commands

Command Description
assoc
Displays or modifies file extension associations
at
Schedules commands and programs to run on a system at a specified time and date
attrib
Displays or changes file attributes
cacls
Displays or modifies the access control lists (ACLs) of files
chdir (cd)
Displays the name of the current directory or changes the current directory
chkdsk
Displays a disk status report and corrects errors on the disk
cls
Clears the screen
cmd
Starts a new instance of the Windows NT command interpreter
compact
Displays and alters the compression of files or directories
convert
Converts file allocation table (FAT) volumes to NTFS
copy
Copies one or more files to another location
date
Displays the date or allows you to change the date
del (erase)
Deletes specified files
dir
Displays a list of a directory’s files and subdirectories
diskcopy
Copies a floppy disk
diskperf
Starts and stops system disk performance counters
doskey
Calls the doskey program, which recalls Windows NT commands, edits command lines, and creates macros
exit
Quits the command interpreter and returns to the program that started it
format
Formats a disk to accept Windows NT files
help
Provides online information about Windows NT commands
mkdir (md)
Creates a directory or subdirectory
move
Moves one or more files to a specified directory
ntbooks
Accesses online Windows NT manuals
prompt
Changes the Windows NT command prompt
rename (ren)
Changes the name of a file or files
rmdir (rd)
Deletes (removes) a directory
start
Opens a separate window to run a program or a command
time
Displays the system time or sets the computer’s internal clock
tree
Displays the directory structure of a path or disk
type
Displays the contents of a text file
ver
Displays the Windows NT version number
vol
Displays the disk volume label and serial number
winnt
Performs an installation or upgrade of Windows NT 4
winnt32
Performs an installation or upgrade of Windows NT 4
xcopy
Copies files and directories, including subdirectories
TCP/IP Commands

Command Description
arp
Displays or modifies the IP-to-MAC-address translation tables
finger
Displays user information on a system running the finger service
ftp
Transfers files to or from a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server
hostname
Prints the name of the current computer (host)
ipconfig
Displays current TCP/IP network configuration values
lpq
Obtains status of a print queue of a Line Printer Daemon (LPD) server
lpr
Prints a file to an LPD server
nbtstat
Displays protocol statistics and current NetBEUI TCP/IP (NBT) connections
netstat
Displays TCP/IP protocol statistics and connections
nslookup
Displays information from Domain Name System (DNS) name servers
ping
Verifies connections to a remote computer
rcp
Copies files to or from a system running rshd
rexec
Runs commands on remote computers running rexec
route
Displays or modifies network routing tables
rsh
Runs commands on remote computers running rsh
tftp
Transfers files to or from a system running tftp
tracert
Displays the route taken to a remote host on an internetwork
NOTE

Microsoft Windows 2000 commands are essentially the same as those for Windows NT, with additional commands for services specific to Windows 2000.

TIP

To see a list of all Windows NT commands and view their syntax, choose Help from the Start menu, select the Index tab, type commands , select Windows NT, and click Display.

See also