In Novell's NetWare version 3. x and earlier networking operating systems, the database containing network security information (users, groups, rights, and so on) for a particular server. Each NetWare 3. x server has its own bindery for controlling access to that server’s file and print resources. In version 4. x and later, the bindery is replaced by the Novell Directory Services (NDS), although 4. x servers are also capable of running in bindery emulation mode.
Microsoft's optional service called Gateway Services for NetWare (GSNW) for the Windows NT Server and Windows 2000 Server platforms can be used to implement gateways to resources located on NetWare file and print servers that are using bindery security. This allows Windows users to access volumes, directories, and print queues on NetWare servers without requiring NetWare client software to be installed on them. Client Services for NetWare (CSNW) can also be installed on client machines running Windows NT Workstation or Windows 2000 Professional to enable them to directly access bindery-based NetWare 2. x , 3. x , or 4. x servers that are running in bindery emulation mode.