local user account

Definition of local user account in The Network Encyclopedia.

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What is Local User Account?

In Microsoft Windows NT–based networks, a user account that resides in the local security database of a particular Windows NT member server or workstation. When a user has a local account on a computer, the user can log on to the computer interactively.

In a Windows NT–based network based on the workgroup security model, all user accounts are local user accounts and are created using the administrative tool called User Manager, the version of User Manager for Domains that is installed on stand-alone Windows NT member servers and workstations.

In a Windows NT–based network that is based on the domain security model, new user accounts created using User Manager for Domains are by default global user accounts that are valid everywhere in the domain and are stored in the Security Accounts Manager (SAM) database on domain controllers.

However, in a domain you can also create a local account with User Manager for Domains by clicking the Account button in the New User dialog box and specifying Local Account as the Account Type. This is generally not recommended because local user accounts are not valid throughout the domain and are valid only for logging on interactively to the computer on which they are created.

In a Windows 2000–based network, a local user account is one of three types of user accounts, the others being domain user accounts and built-in accounts. Local user accounts enable users to log on interactively to stand-alone Windows 2000 servers or client computers in a workgroup and access system resources on the machine for which they have suitable permissions. Domain user accounts allow users to log on to a domain and access resources anywhere in the domain. Local user accounts are created using the Local Users and Groups tool, which is implemented as a snap-in for Microsoft Management Console (MMC). Local user accounts are stored in the local security database on the machine on which they are created, while domain user accounts are created in Active Directory and stored in organizational units (OUs).