Definition of spoofing in The Network Encyclopedia.

What is Spoofing?

The process of attempting to breach a network’s security by altering the source addresses of packets, making them appear as though they came from a trusted user within the network rather than from a distrusted outside user. Spoofing is one of the methods by which hackers attempt to compromise a network’s security and is of particular concern when a network is connected to the Internet.

Because of limitations in the design of the current Internet Protocol (IP) standard, IPv4, spoofing of IP packets cannot be prevented, only protected against. One way to protect your network against IP address spoofing is to use the packet-filtering features of a router or firewall. Configure your packet-filtering router so that the input filter on the external router interface discards any packet coming from the external network whose source address makes it look like it originated from your own internal network. Similarly, configure the output filter on your internal router interface to discard any outgoing packets that have a source address different from that of your internal network to protect against spoofing attacks from within your own network.

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